예약금없는출장샵
  • 장수출장최강미녀
  • 온라인카지노
  • 천안출장샵
  • 논산경마 예상 지존 대회
  • 장수콜걸♂출장부르는법▪장수세종시 마사지(장수연수동 안마방)✐《장수남성 전용 마사지》◈장수안마방 안마➴장수안마방 내상⇚장수전주 안마방⇩장수출장안마추천큐장수마사지 동영상

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    대전출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    장수콜걸↔24시출장샵▨장수세종시 마사지(장수두정동 마사지)╬ 《장수러시아 오피 후기》⇖장수얼굴 경락 마사지 방법♥장수성인마사지★장수상남동 안마방㍿장수방콕 변형 마사지♪장수안마방 알바

    The governments of more than 190 nations 김제오류동 안마방 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    장수콜걸⊿예약금없는출장샵╚장수세종시 마사지(장수마포구 안마방)↺《장수동대구역 마사지》╔장수수지 안마방π장수마사지 만화☼장수앙헬레스 마사지♪장수피부 마사지☃장수안마방 엄마

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    장수콜걸╧출장부르는법╅장수세종시 마사지(장수안마방 무한샷)⇪《장수안양 안마방 후기》⇡장수노포 안마방√장수안마방 스킬↕장수고추 마사지▶장수선입금 출장►장수구의 안마방

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 카지노사이트 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    장수콜걸▄출장부르는법❉장수세종시 마사지(장수주안 안마방)⇚《장수레이크호텔 마사지》テ장수정읍 안마방☀장수오일 마사지 av▼장수면목동 안마방➺장수안마방 카운터┯장수안마방 요도염

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 익산배 마사지 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    장수콜걸♪24시출장샵↠장수세종시 마사지(장수나무위키 안마방)W《장수안마방 나이》↕장수보라카이 마사지╤장수송강동 마사지⇃장수시흥동 안마방◦장수안마방 ㅇㄷ═장수덕계 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 카지노사이트 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    장수콜걸장수안성 안마방

  • 서귀포vip 마사지
  • 장수남포동 안마방
  • 장수콜걸
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    장수콜걸ミ24시출장샵➳장수세종시 마사지(장수안마방 위험)╩《장수목동역 마사지》➸장수안마방 할머니❁장수마사지 공떡┰장수백석동 마사지➳장수콜걸출장마사지◐장수냥이 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 전주군자역 안마방 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 온라인카지노 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    대전출장안마
    제주타이 마사지 loveganghwa.xyz 전라남도우에하라 아이 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, undersite.xyz – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    장수콜걸♛24시출장샵♈장수세종시 마사지(장수영일대 마사지)⇥《장수경주 안마방》メ장수구미 여관ナ장수전립선 마사지 썰◤장수캄보디아 마사지⇈장수소라넷 마사지♤장수제주도 마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 함양안마방 미러 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    장수콜걸☱출장부르는법オ장수세종시 마사지(장수존슨즈 베이비 오일 마사지)↕《장수상봉 마사지》⇊장수안마방 풋잡➻장수안마방 전립선➹장수스웨디시 마사지 후기➴장수구미 여관☪장수대학로 마사지

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 천안출장샵 .

    밀양까치산 마사지
    의령구로디지털단지 안마방 온라인카지노 오산위례 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    장수콜걸╋24시출장샵↔장수세종시 마사지(장수출장샵추천)╏《장수영화 히든 토렌트》╊장수가락시장 마사지1장수미시출장안마☂장수오피 마사지☆장수안마방 동창☷장수마사지 볼

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 전주출장안마 .

    장수콜걸▐예약금없는출장샵⇁장수세종시 마사지(장수신촌 마사지)♖《장수이상근 마사지》❀장수부산 출장 서비스↧장수최음 마사지유장수선입금 없는 출장 만남✓장수시화 안마방η장수마사지 크림

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 원주출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 의왕송내 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    장수콜걸▒출장부르는법♨장수세종시 마사지(장수덕천동 마사지)█《장수모텔출장마사지샵》↕장수안마방 한국야동⇢장수건식 마사지⇗장수부산 출장⇡장수안동 마사지▌장수검암 안마방

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    장수콜걸ハ24시출장샵☼장수세종시 마사지(장수동암 마사지)➻《장수강서구 안마방》✉장수응암 마사지╓장수태국 전립선 마사지χ장수상동 안마방↴장수춘천 태국 마사지♪장수송탄 안마방

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 산청아산 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 대전출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 바카라사이트 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 경주스포츠마사지 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    장수콜걸►24시출장샵✍장수세종시 마사지(장수출장안마)⇔《장수오류동 마사지》↷장수성대역 안마방♢장수마사지 롤러ミ장수구월동 안마방↕장수겨드랑이 마사지❖장수안산 조건

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, jub.xyz , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 진주출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 카지노사이트 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    장수콜걸➽예약금없는출장샵ヤ장수세종시 마사지(장수목포 여관)☼《장수영통 안마방》ネ장수아로마 마사지 부작용♫장수포항 양덕 마사지▦장수안마방 에이스♩장수거제 안마방↑장수안산 안마방

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    서천마사지 배우기
    원주출장샵 부안송강동 마사지 온라인카지노
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    장수콜걸┎예약■장수세종시 마사지(장수안마방 스탭)↾《장수안마방 발기》╚장수괌 안마방⇃장수서울 여인숙 가격⇩장수출장가격£장수현풍 안마방テ장수태국 마사지 서비스

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.장수콜걸장수출장맛사지♣장수마사지 사이트❧《장수타이 안마방》장수애인대행✎장수역삼동 마사지♐장수아내 마사지➻장수신당동 안마방╫원주출장샵예약금없는출장샵장수부천 마사지 추천コ장수인천 안마방✐《장수천안 마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ》장수철원 안마방↠장수모텔 출장마사지ニ장수여성 마사지タ장수남성 왁싱↔장수콜걸군산레이크호텔 마사지장수일산 안마방╦장수창원 안마방 후기↕{장수김무열 마사지}장수소라넷 안마방┧장수가오슝 마사지⇃장수강동 마사지①장수광주 모텔 추천➨장수마사지 몰 카♩장수정읍 안마방█(장수정왕동 마사지)장수정선 마사지キ장수궐동 안마방╬장수서귀포 마사지➨장수중국전통마사지 팁○장수안마방 물다이 몰카━장수안마방 애무╭﹝장수출장안마 가격﹞장수일본 마사지 몰카↯장수노포 안마방¤장수인천 서구 마사지⊙장수아줌마 마사지⇏장수마사지 야.동◁장수신림동 여관♣‹장수gigi rivera 마사지›장수경주 동천동 마사지↕장수마사지 의자サ장수발리 마사지♈장수역삼역 안마방♩출장부르는법담양마사지 강간예약금없는출장샵장수다리 마사지↭장수인도 뉴델리 마사지╄《장수안마방 동창》장수현풍 마사지╥장수신림역 안마방↕장수마사지 자격증⊕장수러시아 밤문화☞장수콜걸장수콜걸군산출장안마장수천안 카페장수이태원 안마방장수서울 조건 만남장수av 마사지 추천장수콜걸장수예약◄장수예약↸《장수태국 마사지 야동》장수안마방 항문◑장수제주시 안마방✐장수마스카 안마방▐장수검단 마사지♐거창마사지 자격증 종류

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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