예약금없는출장샵
  • 구미출장 마사지
  • 창원출장샵
  • 대전출장샵
  • 경산잠실 안마방
  • 구미출장안마☾예약금없는출장샵✚구미심장 마사지〔구미안마방 가는법〕╡〈구미야탑 마사지 후기〉↧구미안동 마사지⇤구미캄보디아 마사지的구미연산 안마방▥구미아로마마사지 꿀팁➹구미피부 마사지

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    창원출장안마
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    구미출장안마↔예약▪구미심장 마사지〔구미에로틱 마사지〕θ〈구미중국식 마사지〉▷구미주갤 안마방♜구미송탄 여관◥구미제기동 안마방θ구미신림동 마사지⇪구미대전 황궁 마사지

    The governments of more than 190 nations 수원안마방 실장 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    구미출장안마➸예약⇛구미심장 마사지〔구미천안 립〕✄〈구미태국 마사지 야동〉▀구미태국 마사지➴구미장안동 안마방⇛구미오일 마사지↕구미사상 출장⇩구미프리마호텔 마사지

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    구미출장안마✉예약금없는출장샵╌구미심장 마사지〔구미목포 여관〕⇎〈구미대구 안마방〉◎구미마사지 물✕구미에이스 안마방₪구미마사지 공떡×구미fc 마사지★구미오류동 안마방

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 구미출장안마 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    구미출장안마↛예약금없는출장샵☜구미심장 마사지〔구미마사지 효능〕ღ〈구미카톡 출장 만남〉⇛구미광양 마사지❀구미나트랑 마사지☃구미아산 안마방☒구미피부 마사지╦구미전립선 마사지 하는 법

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 시흥광주 안마방 추천 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    구미출장안마☼24시출장샵◑구미심장 마사지〔구미제천 안마방〕ε〈구미전립선 마사지 하는 법〉░구미스웨 디시 마사지 란╞구미남양주 마사지❂구미얼굴 경락 마사지 방법☏구미안마방 파워배드☀구미마사지 카페

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 포항출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    구미출장안마구미안마방 사까시

  • 고흥출장마사지샵
  • 구미미금역 마사지
  • 구미출장안마
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    구미출장안마⊙예약⇩구미심장 마사지〔구미타이페이 마사지〕═〈구미여성전용 마사지 후기〉⇙구미안마방 할머니☇구미출장코스가격♣구미아쿠아 마사지 젤☪구미충북혁신도시 마사지➴구미마사지 후기

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 의정부대전 출장안마 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 구미출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    광주출장안마
    평창모텔 아가씨 카지노사이트 의왕출장시
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 목포출장안마 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    구미출장안마⇁예약∷구미심장 마사지〔구미모텔출장〕┿〈구미송내 마사지〉₪구미칠곡 마사지▧구미영통 마사지⇡구미맹인 마사지↪구미남자 전립선 마사지♗구미정자 안마방

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 과천셀프 마사지 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    구미출장안마☈예약금없는출장샵♪구미심장 마사지〔구미에스테틱 마사지〕╧〈구미군산 모텔 가격〉☒구미발마사지↰구미천호 안마방▣구미일산 마사지✡구미에로 마사지☪구미남성 왁싱

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 카지노사이트 .

    천안진주 안마방
    양구발안 모텔 전주출장안마 정읍서면 마사지
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    구미출장안마的예약✪구미심장 마사지〔구미마사지 카드 단속〕◢〈구미지저분한 섹스 나고야 여성 마사지〉❥구미강서 마사지▨구미천안 조건 만남▐구미경산 마사지δ구미범계 마사지①구미여친 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 평택출장샵 .

    구미출장안마┽24시출장샵⇪구미심장 마사지〔구미안마방 아침〕π〈구미강서구 마사지〉ユ구미베트남 다낭 마사지┏구미천안 출장 대행┨구미건강 마사지ⓛ구미손 마사지▧구미안마방 휴게텔

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 구미출장안마 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 연천광주 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    구미출장안마☜출장부르는법ニ구미심장 마사지〔구미스포츠마사지 자격증〕⇩〈구미안마방 알바〉╝구미마사지 1인샵⇎구미진주 마사지⇖구미링검 마사지☃구미nhdta 마사지█구미산본 마사지

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    구미출장안마┛출장부르는법☜구미심장 마사지〔구미울산 삼산 안마방〕▲〈구미일본 해수욕장 마사지〉»구미군산 마사지⇚구미마사지황형┷구미부산 출장안마⇣구미당진 마사지⇛구미고양 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 영동안마방 cctv , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 천안출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 카지노사이트 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 전주안마방 미시 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 카지노사이트 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    구미출장안마ソ출장부르는법♪구미심장 마사지〔구미tumblr 모텔〕▨〈구미검암 안마방〉◦구미강남 안마방♐구미서산 안마방γ구미라페스타 안마방♨구미범일동 안마방☀구미도쿄 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 원주출장안마 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 진주출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 포항출장안마 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    구미출장안마┵출장부르는법┷구미심장 마사지〔구미계룡 안마방〕U〈구미게이 안마방〉◑구미여인숙 가격¤구미신원동 마사지⊙구미타이 안마방シ구미fc2 일본 마사지웃구미안마방 경험

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    양양마사지 효과
    온라인카지노 거창세r시 마사지 대구출장샵
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    구미출장안마♮출장부르는법卐구미심장 마사지〔구미마사지 포르노〕┨〈구미아로마 마사지 뜻〉┛구미유두 마사지●구미조건 만남 카톡✉구미에이미 성인U구미마사지 만화▣구미제목없음 안마방

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.구미출장안마구미화정 마사지イ구미피로회복 마사지╍〈구미미약 마사지〉구미부산 하단 출장╗구미타이마사지 가격☈구미안마방 와꾸↛구미대구 모텔 가격⇍카지노사이트예약구미안마방 오랄┸구미부산 모텔 아가씨↙[구미마사지 1인샵]구미오피↮구미안마방 신림ε구미여성 전용 마사지 알바◘구미대구 동대구역 모텔┴구미출장안마제천마사지 카드 단속구미동대구 마사지↔구미여주 모텔 추천➷[구미창동 안마방]구미브베 안마방☴구미제주 연동 마사지╗구미여관 다방웃구미제주시 안마방⇀구미출장 사기╀구미스웨디시 마사지◐﹝구미건식 마사지﹞구미공유 마사지┕구미안마방 초이스 토렌트♂구미태국 현지 마사지U구미호이안 마사지↟구미신주쿠 마사지☠구미동해 안마방█(구미안마방 수원)구미마사지 porn☄구미칠곡 마사지♨구미부부 마사지┗구미김포 마사지↦구미다낭 마사지 가격△구미일본 마사지 품번↤【구미신림동 여관】구미안산 줄리엣 마사지◥구미안마방 촬영♤구미광대뼈 축소 마사지☪구미구미 안마방‿예약금없는출장샵인제스즈하라 에미리 마사지출장부르는법구미서양 마사지 fc2☼구미강동구 안마방❄[구미국노]구미구의동 안마방☽구미청량리 안마방✖구미안양 안마방↩구미스포츠 마사지 후기↮구미출장안마구미출장안마광주출장안마구미안마방 내부구미강서구 안마방구미일본 마사지 섹스구미마사지 출장구미출장안마구미월곶 마사지❁구미서울 마사지♗<구미홈 타이 마사지>구미젖몸살 마사지↓구미발바닥 마사지♙구미섹스 마사지‿구미송우리 안마방⇩무안동대문구 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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